Neco 2024 Literature Drama & Poetry Answer (June/July Exam)

Welcome to “Naijaclass Academy” For Neco 2024 Literature Drama & Poetry Answer (June/July Exam)


Monday, 1st July 2024
Literature in English (Drama & Poetry) 2:00pm – 3:40pm




Madam Yoko is a tragic heroine, a historical figure and the wife of Chief Gbanya of Senehun, emerges as a tragic heroine in the play, embodying the multifaceted qualities of determination, empathy, and sacrifice. Her narrative is a compelling exploration of her high-spirited nature and relentless willpower, intertwined with her tragic flaws and ultimate downfall.

From the onset, Madam Yoko’s ambition and determination are apparent. She is unwavering in her insistence that Gbanya fulfill his promise to pass the chiefdom to her. Despite Gbanya’s vacillation and his attempt to bestow the chiefdom on his chief warrior, Ndapi, Yoko remains resolute. Her refusal to concede, even in the face of societal and patriarchal pressures, highlights her indomitable spirit. This unyielding nature is both her strength and her flaw, a hallmark of a tragic hero. Her intense desire to rule and bring peace to her people drives her actions but also sets the stage for her ultimate downfall.

As a leader, Yoko’s empathy and sensitivity to the plight of her people distinguish her from many power-hungry rulers. She demonstrates genuine concern for those she governs, and her leadership style is marked by a desire for peace and a reluctance to shed innocent blood. This is evidenced by her efforts to end wars during her reign and her calm demeanor in tense situations, such as when she is accused of causing Jeneba’s death. Yoko’s emotional intelligence and empathetic nature make her a beloved leader, yet they also render her vulnerable to the emotional toll of leadership.

Yoko’s tragic flaws lie in her sensitivity and the psychological burden she carries. The weight of her responsibilities and the various crises she faces deeply affect her mental state. Her inability to manage the stress and emotional strain leads her to believe that taking her own life is the only solution to achieve peace. This tragic decision underscores the paradox of her character: a strong leader undone by her own emotional depth.

Madam Yoko’s life is marked by significant personal sacrifices. She sacrifices her womanhood and the chance to bear children in order to fulfill her role as a leader, a decision made with her husband, Gbanya. However, Gbanya’s betrayal, when he reneges on his promise to pass the chiefdom to her, compounds her sense of sacrifice and loss. Yoko’s lamentation about her sacrifices being in vain captures the essence of her tragic heroism. Her profound sense of betrayal by Gbanya and her people deepens her tragic narrative, as she feels abandoned and alone despite her numerous sacrifices.

The play “Let Me Die Alone” explores betrayal, blackmail, and deceit, presenting a grim portrait of human nature and political machinations. Central to these themes are Lamboi and Musa, whose actions encapsulate the destructive power of blackmail, corrupting individuals, disrupting societal order, and leading to tragic outcomes.

Lamboi, Yoko’s blood brother, and Musa, the seer and medicine man, use blackmail to achieve their goals. Driven by the fear of a woman becoming chief in Senehun, Lamboi conspires with Musa to kill Chief Gbanya, believing he might pass the chiefdom to his wife, Yoko. Lamboi manipulates Musa by threatening to reveal his past crimes, including the murders of Yattah’s son and Mama Kidi’s daughter. Lamboi’s threat to expose Musa’s secret—“Those ones you slaughtered and whose fat you used for your bofima. Do you want me to name what charms you made with their private parts?”—forces Musa into complicity, highlighting how blackmail can compel individuals to act against their moral compass.

The significance of blackmail in the play extends beyond individual manipulation to broader social and political implications. Lamboi and Musa’s conspiracy to destabilize Yoko’s reign by kidnapping and killing Ndapi and Jilo’s daughter, Jeneba, aims to turn the community against Yoko. By framing Yoko for the child’s death and suggesting she used Jeneba as a sacrificial offering for power, they incite rebellion and undermine her authority. This plot illustrates how blackmail and deceit can manipulate public perception and disrupt governance, contributing to Yoko’s eventual suicide as she feels betrayed and overwhelmed.

The quest for power drives Lamboi and Musa to commit heinous acts, showing how the desire for authority leads to moral degradation. Lamboi fears Yoko’s influence over Gbanya—”I fear that woman, Yoko. If he lives longer, she might be able to convince him to pass the chiefdom to her”—motivating his ruthless actions. This pursuit of power leads to Gbanya’s murder and the attempt to frame Yoko, using blackmail as a means to gain control.

Blackmail’s psychological toll on victims is evident in Musa’s coerced participation in Lamboi’s schemes, reflecting his internal turmoil and moral conflict. As a seer and medicine man, Musa’s role is to protect the land and its people, yet blackmail forces him into betrayal, emblematic of broader ethical dilemmas under such pressure.

Blackmail also has far-reaching consequences for the community, sowing distrust and discord within Senehun and leading to social instability. The false accusations against Yoko create fear and suspicion, eroding the social fabric and undermining communal solidarity, showcasing blackmail’s destructive power.

The play also explores colonial domination through Governor Rowe, whose interference in Senehun’s affairs and humiliation of Gbanya contribute to instability. Rowe’s actions compound the internal strife caused by Lamboi and Musa’s blackmail, highlighting how multiple forces of domination undermine leadership and governance.

In the play, Sidi’s visit to Chief Baroka’s bedroom is pivotal, rich in dramatic and thematic significance. This encounter encapsulates manipulation, irony, and the clash between tradition and modernity, shaping the destinies of the main characters and highlighting human desires and social dynamics.

The scene begins with Chief Baroka wrestling with his official wrestler, setting an intimate tone. Sidi’s unexpected entrance initiates events revealing Baroka’s cunning. He feigns surprise and unease at the intrusion, masking his true intentions behind vulnerability and annoyance, especially toward his favorite wife, Ailatu.

Sidi’s visit is initially marked by her apology for rejecting Baroka’s marriage proposal. Her statement, “I have come, Bale, as a repented child,” signifies a shift in her attitude, driven by Sadiku’s earlier machinations convincing her of Baroka’s impotence. Baroka pretends to be unaware of Sidi’s change of heart, setting the stage for dramatic and verbal irony. The audience, along with Baroka, knows the truth that Sidi is oblivious to: Baroka’s impotence is a ruse.

The dramatic irony intensifies as Sidi performs a mock gesture behind Baroka’s back, betraying her belief in his impotence. This gesture, coupled with her suspicious glances, reveals her naivety and sets her up as a victim of Baroka’s scheme. The irony is palpable as Sidi walks into Baroka’s trap, unaware of his knowledge and power over her.

As the scene progresses, Baroka’s manipulation becomes evident. He engages Sidi in conversation, drawing her attention to a magazine featuring their photographs and a stamp-making machine. Baroka’s discussion about progress and modernization aligns with Sidi’s desires for fame and recognition, initially exploited by Lakunle. Baroka’s words, “I do not hate progress,” are laden with irony, as he uses the concept of progress to ensnare Sidi. His seduction of Sidi underscores his mastery in exploiting human weaknesses.

Baroka’s wisdom and cunning are showcased as he plays on Sidi’s pride and hunger for fame. His ability to adapt and manipulate modern ideas contrasts sharply with Lakunle’s clumsy approach. While Lakunle superficially embraces modernity, Baroka uses it to reinforce his traditional authority. This juxtaposition highlights the complexity of the clash between tradition and modernity and how traditional figures can co-opt modern ideas.

The scene culminates in Baroka’s triumph as he seduces Sidi, asserting his dominance and control. The final image of Baroka and Sidi in a romantic evening as the light fades symbolizes Baroka’s victory. Sidi, who initially sought to resist Baroka’s advances, finds herself ensnared by his manipulation. This outcome reinforces Baroka’s status as the “Lion” who captures his prey and comments on the dynamics of power, gender, and tradition in the play.

Sadiku plays a significant role, contributing to the plot’s progression and thematic development. As the senior wife of Chief Baroka, Sadiku embodies the traditional values and customs of their society. Her unwavering loyalty to Baroka and her acceptance of her role within the patriarchal system reflect the entrenched norms of her community. She is sent by Baroka to woo Sidi on his behalf, she entices Sidi with soothing words thereby highlighting the benefit accruing to being the Bale’s wife. As Bale’s last wife, she is in a privileged position to be the next Bale’s head wife.

Sadiku’s character is complex, revealing both a manipulative and a cunning side. Her influence and understanding of traditional practices allow her to maneuver situations to her advantage, as seen when she attempts to persuade Sidi to marry Baroka. Despite this, Sadiku also displays a certain naivety and gullibility. She is easily deceived by Baroka’s ruse about his impotence, failing to see through his cunning plan. This naivety underscores a lack of insight into Baroka’s true nature, highlighting a vulnerability in her character.

She lacks the ability to keep secrets. When Sadiku returns with the news of Sidi’s rejection of Baroka’s offer of marriage, Baroka feels disappointed and shocked. Baroka declaring that his manhood ended near a week ago knowing fully well that Sadiku will not keep it a secret and she lives up to the expected consequence. She blubs and Sidi is lured into Baroka’s plot. Sadiku represents the typical village gossip and talebearer and a victim of Baroka’s trick and manipulation.

At one point, Sadiku feels a sense of empowerment, believing she has triumphed over Baroka’s masculinity. Her joy at the thought of Baroka’s impotence represents a temporary victory for women in their patriarchal society. However, this empowerment is short-lived as she eventually realizes she has been deceived. This moment of disillusionment adds depth to Sadiku’s character, illustrating the complexities of empowerment and the fragile nature of perceived victories in a male-dominated world.

She has a sugar-coated tongue capable of wooing any woman for her Bale and that is what she used to tame Sidi. She also defends Baroka before Sidi when Lakunle raises the case concerning how the Bale foiled the public works attempt.

The themes of blood and sacrifice underscore the emotional and relational dynamics between the characters in the play. These themes are pivotal in understanding the personal struggles, deep-seated conflicts, and the overarching narrative.

The concept of blood signifies deep familial and emotional connections, heritage, and personal suffering. Through blood, the characters’ personal histories and traumas shape their actions and interactions.

One poignant representation is Jimmy Porter’s relationship with his father, who fought in the Spanish Civil War, returning home injured and eventually dying. This traumatic experience deeply affects Jimmy, embedding a sense of disillusionment and bitterness towards life. The bloodshed symbolizes the ultimate sacrifice and the impact of historical conflicts on personal lives. Jimmy’s anger and resentment partly stem from witnessing his father’s suffering and the perceived futility of his sacrifice, forming the foundation for his antagonistic worldview.

Additionally, the motif of blood is evident in the unborn child of Jimmy and Alison. The loss of their baby signifies a blood connection that could have united them. The baby’s death represents the ultimate sacrifice, a shared loss that profoundly affects both characters. This tragedy exposes their vulnerabilities and forces them to confront their pain and emotional barriers. The loss is a physical manifestation of the emotional barrenness in their relationship, underscoring blood as a literal and metaphorical element of their suffering.

Sacrifice in “Look Back in Anger” is portrayed through the characters’ personal and emotional concessions, leading to significant changes in their lives. These sacrifices reflect the characters’ attempts to navigate their complex emotional landscapes and societal expectations.

Alison’s sacrifices are central to the narrative. Marrying Jimmy represents a significant sacrifice, as it entails leaving her upper-middle-class background and embracing a life of emotional turbulence. Throughout the play, Alison endures Jimmy’s relentless tirades and emotional abuse, embodying sacrifice through her steadfastness and endurance. Her ultimate sacrifice is revealed through her pregnancy and the loss of their child, symbolizing the physical and emotional toll of her sacrifices. Alison’s suffering is compounded by Jimmy’s lack of empathy, highlighting the personal cost of her sacrifices.

Jimmy also makes sacrifices, though they are often overshadowed by his abrasive demeanor. His choice to remain with Alison, despite his dissatisfaction, reflects a sacrifice of his ideals and desires. His anger and frustration stem from his perceived sacrifices and the constraints of his social and economic environment. His emotional outbursts are manifestations of his internal struggles and the sacrifices he feels he has made.

Cliff Lewis, the couple’s friend and roommate, exemplifies sacrifice differently. His role as a peacemaker and loyalty to both Jimmy and Alison indicate his willingness to sacrifice his comfort for their turbulent relationship. Cliff’s decision to eventually leave signifies a recognition of the limits of his sacrifices and the need to pursue his own path, free from their emotional turmoil.


John Osborne’s play “Look Back in Anger” employs several dramatic techniques to convey the characters’ emotions, relationships, and themes. Three notable techniques used in the play are:

(i) Verbal Abuse: Jimmy’s constant verbal abuse towards Alison and Helena reveals his inner anger and frustration, showcasing the toxic dynamics of his relationships. His hurtful words and sarcastic remarks demonstrate his inability to communicate effectively, leading to emotional distress for those around him.

(ii) Imagery and Symbolism: Osborne uses vivid imagery and symbolism to convey the characters’ emotions and themes. For example, the ironing board and the bear and squirrel symbols represent Jimmy and Alison’s relationship, highlighting their contrasting personalities and the tension between them.

(iii) Emotional Outbursts: The play features several emotional outbursts, particularly from Jimmy, which reveal his deep-seated frustrations and emotions. These outbursts demonstrate the characters’ inability to contain their emotions, leading to explosive confrontations and highlighting the play’s themes of anger, resentment, and frustration. 6)
John Osborne’s play “Look Back in Anger” employs several dramatic techniques to convey the characters’ emotions, relationships, and themes. Three notable techniques used in the play are:

(i) Verbal Abuse: Jimmy’s constant verbal abuse towards Alison and Helena reveals his inner anger and frustration, showcasing the toxic dynamics of his relationships. His hurtful words and sarcastic remarks demonstrate his inability to communicate effectively, leading to emotional distress for those around him.

(ii) Imagery and Symbolism: Osborne uses vivid imagery and symbolism to convey the characters’ emotions and themes. For example, the ironing board and the bear and squirrel symbols represent Jimmy and Alison’s relationship, highlighting their contrasting personalities and the tension between them.

(iii) Emotional Outbursts: The play features several emotional outbursts, particularly from Jimmy, which reveal his deep-seated frustrations and emotions. These outbursts demonstrate the characters’ inability to contain their emotions, leading to explosive confrontations and highlighting the play’s themes of anger, resentment, and frustration.


Through Troy Maxson, baseball serves as a metaphor for missed opportunities and a lens to examine the African American experience in the mid-20th century.

Baseball is crucial to Troy’s past. Once a talented player in the Negro Leagues, his dreams of playing in the Major Leagues were thwarted by the color barrier, which had not fully broken when he was at his peak. This personal history encapsulates Troy’s disillusionment and struggle against racial discrimination. His past achievements and failure to advance reflect broader societal limitations placed on African Americans. This disappointment affects Troy’s outlook, breeding a cynicism that colors his interactions with his family and views on their aspirations.

Troy’s relationship with his son Cory is significantly shaped by baseball. Cory, a promising football player, could secure a college scholarship and a future in sports. However, Troy’s bitter experiences lead him to oppose Cory’s pursuit of an athletic career. He insists Cory focus on a more practical path, fearing his son will face the same racial barriers. This conflict highlights generational tension and differing perspectives on progress and opportunity. Troy’s reluctance to support Cory’s dreams can be seen as both protective and a projection of his own unfulfilled aspirations.

The recurring baseball metaphors underscore Troy’s internal and external battles. He frequently speaks in baseball terms, framing his struggles and achievements in the context of the game. His confrontation with death is likened to a high-stakes baseball game, symbolizing his combative approach to life’s challenges. The fence Troy builds around his yard can be seen as a metaphorical barrier, representing his desire to protect his family and control his environment, much like the boundaries of a baseball field.

Troy’s fixation on baseball underscores his resistance to change and inability to adapt. While opportunities slowly open up for African Americans in sports and other fields, Troy remains anchored in his past. His refusal to acknowledge the achievements of contemporary black athletes like Hank Aaron reflects his stubbornness and deep-seated sense of injustice. This resistance isolates him from his family and friends, as they move forward while he remains stuck in his memories and regrets.

The motif of baseball in “Fences” highlights personal responsibility and the burden of past mistakes. Troy’s affair with Alberta and his illegitimate child are errors in his personal game, leading to profound consequences for his family. His attempts to navigate these mistakes, much like a player trying to recover from a bad inning, reflect his struggle to balance his desires and duties. The baseball hanging from a tree in the yard, where Troy eventually meets his death, symbolizes unresolved tensions and the culmination of his life’s battles.

Women play a pivotal role in the narrative, acting as stabilizing forces, moral compasses, and catalysts for the unfolding drama. Through characters like Rose Maxson, Wilson explores themes of loyalty, resilience, and the struggle for identity and respect within societal expectations and personal relationships. The women’s experiences and actions significantly shape the male characters’ trajectories and the overall arc of the play.

Rose Maxson, the central female character, is the emotional and moral backbone of the Maxson family. Her role as a devoted wife and mother contrasts sharply with Troy’s domineering and often destructive behavior. Rose’s loyalty and strength are evident from the outset as she supports Troy through his challenges while managing the household and nurturing their son, Cory. Her presence is a stabilizing force in the chaotic environment created by Troy’s actions and attitudes.

Rose’s resilience is a key theme in the play. She represents the sacrifices and endurance of women who bear the emotional and practical burdens of family life. Her plea to Troy to let Cory play football, despite understanding Troy’s fears, shows her willingness to advocate for her son’s dreams and future. Rose’s confrontation with Troy about his infidelity and the resulting child with Alberta marks a significant turning point. Her response to this betrayal—deciding to raise Raynell, Troy’s illegitimate child, as her own—highlights her deep compassion and sense of duty, even as she withdraws from her emotional connection with Troy.

The other women, such as Alberta and Bono’s wife, Lucille, also contribute to the play’s dynamics, albeit more peripherally. Alberta’s presence, though she never appears on stage, acts as a catalyst for revealing Troy’s flaws and the subsequent unraveling of his relationships. Her affair with Troy brings issues of fidelity, trust, and the consequences of selfish desires to the forefront. Alberta’s death during childbirth serves as a dramatic climax, forcing Troy to confront the ramifications of his actions and pushing Rose to decide how to move forward.

Lucille, while a minor character, helps shed light on the expectations placed on women and their roles within marriages. Bono’s discussions about his wife and his loyalty to her serve as a counterpoint to Troy’s behavior, emphasizing the value of faithfulness and respect in a relationship. This contrast underscores the different ways men and women navigate responsibilities and desires within marriage.

The women’s roles also highlight the broader societal expectations and limitations placed on them. Rose’s decision to stay with Troy despite his betrayal reflects societal pressures on women to maintain family unity and stability, often at the cost of their happiness and well-being. Her eventual assertion of independence, though subtle, marks significant personal growth and empowerment. Rose’s increased involvement in the church and dedication to her moral and spiritual well-being symbolize her reclaiming her identity outside her marriage to Troy.


“The Grieved Land” is a protest poem highlighting the suffering and resilience of African societies during and after colonialism, slavery, and the transatlantic slave trade. The poet grieves the inhumanity inflicted upon Africans and reflects on the historical and ongoing consequences of these atrocities.

The poem begins by expressing sorrow for the enduring pain caused by slavery and colonialism, suggesting that the suffering of Africans is both historical and contemporary. The “tearful woes of ancient and modern slave” symbolize the persistent anguish felt by the African people.

In the second stanza, the poet describes the destruction of African culture by European colonizers. The “stunning perfumes of the flower” represent the vibrant African society, which was crushed by the “iron and fire” of the colonizers, indicating violence and oppression.

The third stanza focuses on the personal suffering of enslaved Africans. The poet laments the lost potential and thwarted dreams of those enslaved, whose lives were controlled by their captors. The “jingling of gaoler’s keys” symbolizes their constant confinement and lack of freedom.

The fourth stanza reveals the cruel irony of the slave masters’ excitement over exploiting African labor for their benefit. The captors’ dreams of developing their own societies were built on the suffering and hard work of African slaves.

In the fifth stanza, the poet describes the grim reality of the transatlantic journey, where many enslaved Africans perished. The “corpses thrown up by the Atlantic” highlight the disregard for human life, as the dead were discarded into the ocean.

The final stanzas shift to a tone of resilience and hope. Despite the immense suffering, the African people possess a strong will to survive and overcome adversity. The poem celebrates their determination and resilience, emphasizing their moral strength and pursuit of justice.

The poem concludes by reaffirming the indomitable spirit of the African people. The “imperishable particles” symbolize their enduring legacy and will to live. The title, “The Grieved Land,” encapsulates the collective sorrow and resilience of Africa, scarred by colonialism and slavery but steadfast in its pursuit of justice and dignity.

“The Leader and the Led” by Niyi Osundare is a poem that critically examines the dynamics of leadership in Africa, highlighting the disparities between the rulers and the ruled. Through powerful imagery and satire, Osundare exposes the flaws in African leadership, depicting a stark contrast between the privileged leaders and the struggling masses.

The poem portrays leaders who are out of touch with their people, indulging in extravagance while their citizens suffer. Osundare critiques the excesses of Africa’s ruling class, who prioritize personal gain over the welfare of their nations. He also highlights the passivity of the led, who seem resigned to their fate, lacking the collective will to challenge their oppressors.

Osundare’s poem is a scathing co…
[0:07 am, 01/07/2024] Naijaclass Academy: 11)
(i) Metaphor: D.H. Lawrence’s poem “Bat” makes extensive use of metaphor to create vivid and unsettling imagery. One striking example is the comparison of the bat’s cry to “a shriek of a mouse / Uttered by nature.” This metaphor suggests that the bat’s cry is both small and vulnerable, yet also somehow unnatural and sinister.
Another powerful metaphor in the poem is the description of the bat’s wings as “opening and shutting like hell’s doors.” This image evokes the bat’s association with darkness and evil, and suggests that it is a creature from another, more malevolent realm.

(ii) Personification: Lawrence also uses personification to ascribe human-like qualities to the bat, which further emphasizes its threatening nature. For example, the bat is described as “flapping and scratching and squealing,” actions that are typically associated with animals or even humans in moments of fear or aggression.
In the line “And the air quivers with the filing of its teeth,” the bat’s fangs are personified as filing instruments, creating a sharp and grating sound that adds to the sense of unease and terror.

(iii) Simile: Simile is another poetic device that Lawrence employs to create vivid comparisons. In the poem, he compares the bat’s wings to “hell’s doors,” suggesting that the bat is a creature from a dark and dangerous realm.
Another simile in the poem is the comparison of the bat’s cry to “the shriek of a mouse.” This simile emphasizes the bat’s small size and vulnerability, yet also suggests that its cry is somehow unnatural and sinister.
Through the use of metaphor, personification, and simile, Lawrence creates a vivid and unsettling portrait of the bat, transforming it from a mere animal into a symbol of darkness, fear, and the unknown.


In “Journey of the Magi,” T.S. Eliot employs the journey motif to explore themes of spiritual transformation, disillusionment, and the quest for meaning. The poem’s narrator, one of the Magi, recounts the arduous journey to Bethlehem, emphasizing the physical and emotional hardships they faced.

The journey begins in the dead of winter, with the Magi facing harsh weather, exhausted camels, and hostile receptions in towns and cities. The narrator reflects on the difficulties, stating, “We had evidence and no doubt” of the birth of Jesus, but the experience was “Hard and bitter agony for us, like Death, our death.”

The journey serves as a metaphor for the spiritual journey, highlighting the struggles and disillusionments that often accompany the search for meaning. The Magi’s physical journey parallels their inner struggle to comprehend the significance of the birth they have witnessed. The poem suggests that spiritual transformation is a continuous and arduous process, devoid of comfort or solace.

Upon returning home, the Magi are no longer at ease in their old lives, and the narrator longs for another death, symbolizing his desire for spiritual rebirth and union with God. Through the journey motif, Eliot conveys the complexities and challenges of spiritual seeking, inviting the reader to reflect on their own journey towards meaning and transformation.

The poem’s use of imagery, symbolism, and allusion adds depth and complexity to the journey motif, exploring themes of identity, purpose, and the human condition. The Magi’s journey becomes a powerful symbol for the universal human quest for meaning and connection with something greater than oneself.



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