====SECTION A (ANSWER ONE QUESTION ONLY FROM THIS SECTION)=========
I hope this letter finds you in good health and high spirits. I was thrilled to receive your letter and appreciate your concern about my future plans after leaving secondary school. It means a lot to me that you are interested in knowing my thoughts on this important matter.
After much contemplation and introspection, I have finally decided on the profession I would like to pursue – I want to become a veterinarian. This choice may not come as a surprise to you, given my love for animals and the countless hours I have spent volunteering at the local animal shelter. I truly believe that becoming a veterinarian is the right path for me, and I would like to share my reasons for making this decision.
First and foremost, my passion for animals is undeniable. Since I was a child, I have always been drawn to animals, be it our family pets or the stray animals wandering on the streets. Caring for them, understanding their needs, and being able to alleviate their suffering bring me immense joy and satisfaction. Choosing a profession that aligns with my passion will not only make me happy but also enable me to make a positive impact on the lives of animals and their owners.
Secondly, the field of veterinary medicine is constantly evolving and offers a wide range of opportunities. Whether it’s working in private practice, wildlife conservation, research, or even public health, being a veterinarian opens doors to various specializations. This diversity excites me as it means I can explore different aspects of veterinary science and find the area that resonates with me the most.
Moreover, I am drawn to the challenges that come with being a veterinarian. Animals cannot communicate their ailments verbally, so diagnosing and treating them require a keen sense of observation, problem-solving skills, and compassion. I believe these challenges will constantly push me to learn and grow as a professional, making every day in my career exciting and fulfilling.
Furthermore, I have spoken to several practicing veterinarians and shadowed them during their work. Witnessing their dedication and the impact they have on the lives of animals and their owners has only solidified my desire to follow this path. Their stories and experiences have been both inspiring and motivational, confirming that I am making the right choice.
Lastly, I envision my career as a veterinarian as a way to give back to society. By taking care of animals’ health, I can contribute to the well-being of families and communities. I strongly believe that promoting animal health also indirectly supports human health and the environment, creating a positive ripple effect.
In conclusion, Mom, I am confident that becoming a veterinarian is the right profession for me. It combines my passion for animals, the opportunity for growth, and the chance to make a meaningful difference in the lives of creatures we share this planet with. I promise to work hard and dedicate myself to this noble profession, which you have always taught me is the key to success.
Thank you for your constant support and encouragement. Your guidance has been invaluable in shaping my aspirations, and I am forever grateful for your love.
With all my love,
ANOTHER LETTER NUMBER 1
I hope this letter finds you well. I received your letter and wanted to share my thoughts on the profession I would like to pursue after leaving secondary school. After careful consideration and self-reflection, I have decided that I want to become a medical doctor.
There are several reasons behind my choice to pursue a career in medicine. First and foremost, I have always had a passion for helping others and making a positive impact on people’s lives. As a doctor, I believe I can directly contribute to the well-being of individuals and the community as a whole. Being able to alleviate pain, cure illnesses, and provide comfort to those in need is a deeply fulfilling and meaningful purpose that I want to dedicate my life to.
Furthermore, the field of medicine offers a vast array of opportunities for continuous learning and personal growth. The human body is an intricate and fascinating system, and medical science is constantly evolving. Pursuing a career in medicine would allow me to be at the forefront of these advancements, constantly challenging myself to stay updated with the latest research and technologies. I find the idea of a profession that promotes lifelong learning and intellectual stimulation extremely appealing.
Another significant factor that influenced my decision is the potential to build strong and meaningful connections with patients. As a doctor, I would have the privilege of being there for people during their most vulnerable moments. The doctor-patient relationship is unique, as patients often confide in their physicians about their personal struggles and fears. Being able to provide not just medical expertise but also empathy and emotional support is something I genuinely aspire to do.
Moreover, medicine offers diverse specializations, allowing me to choose a field that aligns with my interests and strengths. Whether it’s pediatrics, cardiology, oncology, or any other specialty, I can focus on an area that resonates with me the most. This flexibility ensures that I can tailor my career to suit my passions and make a difference in the area where I believe I can have the most significant impact.
I am aware that the journey to becoming a medical doctor is long and challenging, requiring years of rigorous education and training. However, I am fully committed to putting in the hard work and dedication required to achieve this goal. I understand that it will demand sacrifices, but I am willing to make them to pursue a profession that brings me fulfillment and purpose.
Additionally, the global demand for healthcare professionals is ever-growing. As a doctor, I would be part of an essential workforce that plays a critical role in maintaining the health and well-being of society. This prospect of contributing to the betterment of my community and society at large is a responsibility I take to heart and feel compelled to embrace.
In conclusion, I have chosen to pursue a career in medicine because of my passion for helping others, the opportunity for continuous learning, the potential to build meaningful connections with patients, the chance to specialize in areas that align with my interests, and the ability to contribute significantly to society. I am excited about the journey ahead and promise to work diligently to achieve my dream of becoming a medical doctor. Your unwavering support and encouragement mean the world to me, and I am grateful to have you by my side as I embark on this path.
Thank you for always believing in me and supporting me in all my endeavors.
With love and gratitude,
Once upon a time, in a small village in Nigeria, there lived a man named Obinna. Obinna was a wealthy businessman who had made his fortune through hard work and dedication to his craft. Despite his success, he was known for his frugal nature and reluctance to give to charity.
One day, Obinna’s sister, Nneka, fell ill. She had been struggling with a chronic illness for some time, but her condition had recently worsened. Obinna was devastated by the news and immediately sought medical attention for his sister. However, the medical bills were exorbitant, and he found himself struggling to pay them.
As the days passed, Nneka’s condition deteriorated further. Obinna was desperate to find a way to pay for her treatment but was hesitant to ask for help. It was then that his wife reminded him of the saying, “Charity begins at home.”
Obinna realized that he had been so focused on accumulating wealth that he had neglected his own family’s needs. He knew that it was time to put aside his pride and seek help from his community.
He reached out to his friends and neighbors and explained the situation. To his surprise, they were more than willing to lend a helping hand. They organized fundraisers and donated what they could to help cover Nneka’s medical expenses.
With their support, Nneka was able to receive the treatment she needed, and her health slowly began to improve. Obinna was humbled by the generosity of his community and realized that he had been wrong to be so hesitant about giving to charity.
From that day on, Obinna became a changed man. He started giving back to his community by funding local projects and supporting those in need. He learned that charity doesn’t have to be grand gestures; sometimes, it can start with something as simple as helping your family.
The saying, “Charity begins at home,” had never been more true for Obinna. He learned that it was important to take care of his own before he could help others. His sister’s illness had taught him a valuable lesson, and he was grateful for the support of his community during that difficult time.
In the end, Obinna’s newfound generosity and kindness had a ripple effect on his community. His actions inspired others to give back, and together they were able to make a positive impact on the lives of those around them.
Title: The Establishment of Federal Government Colleges: A Mixed Blessing for the Nigerian Child
Ladies and gentlemen, esteemed judges, and my worthy opponents, I stand before you today to present my argument against the proposition that the establishment of Federal Government Colleges is a blessing to the Nigerian child. While these institutions may have their merits, it is crucial to acknowledge the limitations and challenges they pose for our children’s education and overall development.
Firstly, let us consider the issue of accessibility. Federal Government Colleges are often located in urban centers or major cities, making them inaccessible to children from remote or rural areas. This creates a significant barrier for many Nigerian children who live in underprivileged communities and lack the means to travel long distances or afford accommodation in urban areas. As a result, these children are deprived of the opportunity to receive quality education offered by these institutions.
Additionally, the admission process for Federal Government Colleges is highly competitive and often based on merit. While this may seem fair on the surface, it disregards the fact that not all children have equal access to preparatory resources or quality primary education. Consequently, talented and deserving students from disadvantaged backgrounds may be denied admission due to circumstances beyond their control. This perpetuates educational inequality and denies these children a chance at a better future.
Moreover, Federal Government Colleges often face challenges in terms of infrastructure and resources. Despite being established with good intentions, many of these institutions suffer from inadequate facilities, overcrowded classrooms, and limited resources. This compromises the quality of education provided and hinders the holistic development of Nigerian children. Without proper infrastructure and resources, how can we expect these schools to truly be a blessing to our children?
Furthermore, Federal Government Colleges tend to focus heavily on academic excellence at the expense of other important aspects of education such as arts, sports, and cultural activities. By placing undue emphasis on examination results and academic achievements, these institutions fail to nurture well-rounded individuals who can contribute meaningfully to society. The pressure to excel academically can lead to high levels of stress and anxiety among students, negatively impacting their mental and emotional well-being.
Lastly, Federal Government Colleges often lack adequate attention and support from the government. Many of these institutions struggle with issues such as inadequate funding, insufficient teaching staff, and outdated curriculum. These challenges further hinder the ability of these schools to provide a truly enriching educational experience for the Nigerian child.
In conclusion, while Federal Government Colleges may have their advantages, it is essential to recognize that they are not without their limitations and drawbacks. The issues of accessibility, admission processes, infrastructure, resource allocation, and a narrow focus on academic excellence all pose significant challenges for the Nigerian child. It is crucial that we address these concerns and strive for a more inclusive and equitable education system that benefits all children, regardless of their background or geographical location. Only then can we truly ensure that our children receive the blessings they deserve in their educational journey.
Title: Indiscipline among Secondary School Students and Ways of Curbing It
Indiscipline among secondary school students has become a significant concern for educators, parents, and society at large. The lack of discipline in schools not only affects academic performance but also leads to behavioral problems and social issues. Therefore, it is essential to address this problem and find ways to curb it.
Firstly, it is crucial to understand the root causes of indiscipline in schools. Some of the factors that contribute to indiscipline include peer pressure, lack of parental guidance, inadequate teacher-student relationships, and societal influences. Once we identify the causes of indiscipline, we can take appropriate steps to address them.
One way to curb indiscipline among secondary school students is through effective discipline policies. Schools should have clear and consistent disciplinary policies that are communicated to both students and parents. These policies should outline the consequences of unacceptable behavior and provide a framework for addressing disciplinary issues. By implementing effective discipline policies, schools can create a culture of respect and accountability that promotes positive behavior.
Another way to curb indiscipline is through effective communication between teachers, students, and parents. Teachers should strive to establish positive relationships with their students based on mutual respect and trust. They should also communicate effectively with parents to ensure that they are aware of their child’s behavior and academic performance. Open communication channels between all stakeholders can help identify potential disciplinary issues early on and address them before they escalate.
In addition, schools can promote positive behavior through extracurricular activities such as sports, music, drama, and cultural events. These activities provide students with an outlet for their energy and creativity while promoting teamwork, leadership skills, and self-discipline. By engaging in extracurricular activities, students are less likely to engage in negative behaviors that lead to indiscipline.
Lastly, it is essential to promote a culture of respect for authority and the rule of law. Schools should teach students about the importance of obeying rules and regulations and the consequences of breaking them. By instilling a sense of respect for authority, students are more likely to behave appropriately and follow established guidelines.
In conclusion, indiscipline among secondary school students is a significant problem that requires urgent attention. By understanding the root causes of indiscipline, implementing effective discipline policies, promoting effective communication, engaging in extracurricular activities, and promoting a culture of respect for authority, we can curb indiscipline and create a more positive learning environment for our students. It is essential that all stakeholders work together to address this problem and create a better future for our children.
====SECTION B (COMPREHENSION)========
(5a) Two attributes of the teacher mentioned in the passage are:
i) The teacher is the moulder of society and frames the minds of the young ones for the future.
ii) The teacher emphasizes the need for positive values such as justice, love, honesty, sincerity, diligence, discipline, reward, and punishment.
(5b) Two instances in the passage that show the public has been misinformed about the roles of the teacher are:
i) The teacher has been unjustly accused of imposing illegal levies and given all manner of names, which shows a misconception about the teacher’s actions and intentions.
ii) The teacher’s good work is remembered only during graduation ceremonies but forgotten afterward, indicating a lack of recognition for the teacher’s continuous contributions to national growth and development.
(5c) The irony of life highlighted in the passage is that while the teacher plays a crucial role in molding the future leaders of the nation, they are denigrated, neglected, and unappreciated by the very society and institutions they serve.
(5d) Religious leaders impart the wrong values of “affluence and fanaticism” on the child, which can lead to misinformed ideologies and beliefs.
(5e) The teacher corrects this teaching through “moral instruction in schools,” where they emphasize the need for positive values like justice, love, honesty, sincerity, diligence, discipline, reward, and punishment, thus countering the negative impact of wrong values from other sources.
(5f) The expression “the teacher takes up the gauntlet” means that the teacher accepts and confronts a challenge or difficult situation.
(5gi) The expression “who have neglected their duties” is a relative clause, also known as an adjective clause.
(5gii) Its function in the sentence is to modify “parents,” providing additional information about the parents, specifying which parents the passage is referring to.
(5h) Nearest in meaning to the following words:
i. noble – honorable or prestigious
ii. cradle – infancy or early childhood
iii. impart – to convey or communicate (knowledge, values, etc.)
iv. affluence – wealth or abundance
v. denigrated – criticized or belittled
vi. important – significant or essential
(5a)(i) A teacher frames the minds of the young ones.
(ii) He re-orients the child who has been indoctrinated with the teaching of affluence and fanaticism.
(5b)(i) The teacher is blamed for the falling standard of education.
(ii) The teacher is accused of extortion and given a bad name.
(5c)”Religious leaders fail to impart the right knowledge.”
(5d) Religious leaders impart affluence and fanaticism on the child.
(5e) The teacher uses moral instruction techniques such as love, honesty, e.t.c to re-orient the child.
(5f) It means the teacher accepts the challenge.
(5g) (i) Relative clause
(ii) It modifies the noun, “parents”.
noble — decent
cradle —- start
impart —- pass on
affluence —- wealth
denigrated —- reviled
important —- key
====SECTION C (SUMMARY)========
(6i) Organizes and conducts elections in a political system.
(6ii) Divides the country into electoral districts for representation.
(6iii) Registers political parties and eligible voters for elections.
(6iv) Educates the electorate on election issues and procedures.
(6v) Provides necessary materials and screens election candidates.
(6vi)Counts votes and releases results under strict supervision.
OR USE THIS
(6) – An electoral commission divides a country into electoral districts
– It Registers political parties and eligible voters.
– The commission educates the electorate on everything they need to know about the election
– The electoral commission provides election materials and affirms the credibility of aspirants
– The commission also appoints adhoc staff and trains them for the election
– The commission counts votes and releases the results of the election conducted